JosephSmithSr.
So shall it be with my father: he shall be
called a prince over his posterity, holding
the keys of the patriarchal priesthood over the kingdom of God on earth, even the Church
of the Latter Day Saints, and he shall sit in the general assembly of patriarchs, even in
council with the Ancient of Days when he shall sit and all the patriarchs with him and shall
enjoy his right and authority under the direction of the Ancient of Days.
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LOTHROP, Reverend John

LOTHROP, Reverend John  Additional Information on LOTHROP, Reverend John - I30812

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  • Name LOTHROP, John 
    Prefix Reverend 
    Born 20 Dec 1584  Etton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 20 Dec 1584  Etton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    _TAG Set Family Search - 2015 
    Died 8 Nov 1653  Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 10 Nov 1653  Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I30812  Joseph Smith Sr and Lucy Mack Smith | Joseph Sr.
    Last Modified 3 May 2017 

    Father LOTHROP, Thomas ,   b. 19 Jun 1536, Cherry Burton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1606, Etton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years) 
    Mother CLARK, Elizabeth ,   b. 1541, Etton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Aug 1574, Elton, Huntingdonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years) 
    Married 5 Oct 1560  Cherry Burton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F9962  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Father LOTHROP, Thomas ,   b. 19 Jun 1536, Cherry Burton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1606, Etton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years) 
    Mother SALTE, Mary ,   b. 1539, Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Jan 1588, Etton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Married 2 Sep 1575  Etton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Family ID F22054  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 HOWSE, Hannah ,   b. 14 Jul 1616, Lavenham, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Feb 1687, Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years) 
    Married 10 Oct 1610  Etton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Notes 
    • MARRIAGE: Also shown as Married Egerton, Kent, England. ~SEALING_SPOUSE: Also shown as SealSp 5 Jun 1968
    Children 
     1. LOTHROP, Reverend Thomas ,   b. 21 Feb 1612, Eastwell, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1707, Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 94 years)
    +2. LOTHROP, Jane ,   b. 29 Sep 1614, Egginton, Derbyshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Oct 1678, Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)
     3. LOTHROP, Anne ,   b. 12 May 1616, Egerton, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Apr 1617, Egerton, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     4. LATHROPE, John ,   b. 22 Feb 1617, Egerton, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jul 1638, Egerton, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 21 years)
     5. LOTHROP, Barbara ,   b. 31 Oct 1619, Edenton, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jul 1638, Egerton, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 18 years)
    +6. LOTHROP, Judge Samuel ,   b. Abt 1623, Edgerby, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Feb 1700, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. LOTHROP, Joseph ,   b. 11 Apr 1624, Edmonton, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Apr 1702  (Age 77 years)
     8. LOTHROP, Benjamin ,   b. 1626, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     9. LOTHROP, Sarah ,   b. 1628, Egginton, Derbyshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1693, Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
    Last Modified 13 Sep 2017 
    Family ID F935  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 HAMMOND, Anna ,   b. 14 Jul 1586, Lavenham, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Feb 1687, Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 100 years) 
    Married 27 Sep 1634  Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. LOTHROP, Barnabus ,   b. 6 Jun 1636, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Oct 1715, Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)
     2. LOTHROP ,   b. 30 Jul 1638, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jul 1638, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     3. LOTHROP, Abigail ,   b. 3 Nov 1639, Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jan 1723, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years)
     4. LOTHROP, Bathshua ,   b. 27 Feb 1641, Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jan 1723, Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)
     5. LOTHROP, John ,   b. 9 Feb 1644, Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Sep 1727, Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years)
     6. LOTHROP ,   b. 25 Jan 1649, Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jan 1649, Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 13 Sep 2017 
    Family ID F9995  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 20 Dec 1584 - Etton, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 20 Dec 1584 - Etton, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 10 Oct 1610 - Etton, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 8 Nov 1653 - Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 10 Nov 1653 - Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    John Lothrop
    John Lothrop.jpg
    Erected to the memory of Rev. John Lothrop/Lathrop
    Erected to the memory of Rev. John Lothrop/Lathrop
    Erected to the memory of Rev. John Lothrop/Lathrop, 8th Great Grandfather of Joyce Elaine Lathrop

    Headstones
    John Lothrop Headstone
    John Lothrop Headstone

    Histories
    Lothrop Crest
    Lothrop Crest

  • Notes 
    • This name is spelled in early records in various ways - Lothrop, Lowthrop, Leothrop, Lathrop, Laythrope, etc. The family, so well known in early Massachusetts records, is definitely traced to John Lowthrop who lived in Cherry Burton, a parish about four miles from Lowthrope in the Wapentake of Dickering, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. In 1545 he was assessed twice as much as any other inhabitant of the parish, as shown on the subsidy rolls of that shire, under the order of Henry VIII. His grandson Thomas Lothropp was born at Cherry Burton, and there married Widow Elizabeth Clark, and died, being buried at Etton, 29 July 1574. [2] The American immigrant of this family was John Lothropp, (which was the way he spelled his name), son of the Thomas and Elizabeth just mentioned. He was baptized at Etton, Yorkshire, 20 December 1584, and was educated at Queen's College, Cambridge, taking his B. A. degree there in 1605, and four years later a Master's degree. One of his first pastoral charges was at Egerton, a parish about forty-eight miles southeast of London, in County Kent. Here he worked hard and faithfully as curate, for five years, the local church building being a quaint ancient structure dedicated to Saint James, which, located on a hill, may be seen from a great distance . It has a square tower and a beacon light in its turret. John Lothrop Quoting liberally from the compiler of the Avery pedigrees just mentioned, the following brief sketch of the celebrated religionist is printed: Here Mr. Lothropp labored faithfully as long as his judgment could approve the ritual and government of the Church. When he could no longer do this, we find him conscientiously renouncing his orders, and asserting the right of still fulfilling a ministry to which his heart and conscience had called him. Accordingly, in 1623, his decision was made. He bade adieu to the church of his youth, and with no misgivings, subscribed with a firm band to the doctrines, and espoused with a courageous heart the cause, of the Place. At that date the congregation of dissenters to which Mr. Lothropp ministered had no place of public worship, their worship itself being illegal. Only such as could meet the obloquy and risk the danger of worshipping God in violation of human statutes, were likely to be found in the secret gatherings. Yet, in goodly numbers, in such places as Southwark as they could stealthily occupy, they held together, and were comforted and instructed by the ministers of their choice. For not less than eight years they so worshipped. No threats of vengeance deterred and no vigilance of officious ministers of the violated law detected them. Keen scented Church hounds traversed all nooks which could by any possibility serve as a meeting place for even a small company of the outlaws. One of the wiliest of these pursuivants of the bishop, Tomlinson by name, tracked Mr. Lothropp and his followers to their retreat. They had met for worship as had been their wont, little thinking that it would be their last gathering with their beloved minister. Their private sanctuary, a room in the house of Mr. Humphrey Barnet, a brewer's clerk in Black Friars, was suddenly invaded. Tomlinson and his ruffian band, with a show of power, above their resistance, seized forty two of their number, allowing only eighteen of them to escape, and made that 22d day of August, 1632, for ever memorable to those suffering Christians, by handing them over in fetters to the executors of a law which was made for godly men to break! In the old Clink prison, in Newgate, and in the Gatehouse, both made for the detention of felons, these men "of whom the world was not worthy" lingered for months. In the spring of 1634, all but Mr. Lothropp were released on bail. He, their leader, the chief offender, was deemed too dangerous to be set at liberty. Like the gifted Hooker, it was felt that., his words and his example had "already more impeached the peace of our Church" than the church could bear. "His genius will still haunte all the pulpits in ye country when any of his scolers may be admitted to preach." And so his prison, doors swing to, again, and seemed to leave him no hope of release or escape. During these months a fatal sickness was preying upon his wife, and bringing her fast towards her end. The New England's Memorial, by Nathaniel Morton, published in 1669, gives us these touching incidents of that. imprisonment. "His wife fell sick, of which sickness she died. He procured liberty of the bishop to visit his wife before her death, and commended her to God by prayer, who soon gave up the ghost. At his return to.prison, his children being many, repaired to the bishop at Lambeth, and made known unto him their miserable condition, by reason of their father's being continued in close durance, who commiserated their condition so far as to grant him liberty. who soon after came over into New England." A record of 19 February 1634, filed among state papers in the New Record Office of Fetter Lane, London . . . was probably the order of the court which opened the way for the escape of Mr. Lothropp to America. At any, rate the year had not ended before the following record shows him to have become a free man in a land in which he rejoiced to find "A Church without a bishop, and a State without a King." The record is found in Governor Winthrop's journal, page 71, under date of 18 September 1634: "The Griffin and another ship arrived with about two hundred passengers . . . Mr. Lathrop and Mr. Sims, two godly ministers, coming in the same ship." On reaching Boston with that portion of his London flock which had accompanied him, he found already the preparations begun to welcome him to a new home in Scituate. At least nine pioneers had built their houses in that new settlement, and to it, with such of his people as were ready to accompany him, he repaired 27 September 1634. The following record preserved for us in the handwriting of the Scituate pioneer, is perhaps the only record extant regarding his call and settlement in the ministry at Scituate: "Jann: 19 1634, att my house, uppon w'h day I was chosen Pastour and invested into office." He was then a widower, but soon married again, as the following entry shows: "My wife and Bro. Foxwell's wife joyned having their dismission from elsewhere, June 14, 1635." "Isaac Robinson & My sonn Fuller joyned having their Letters dismissive from the Church at Plimouth unto us Novemb. 7, 1636." This voluminous diary or record of Mr. Lotbrop's shows him methodical and efficient, and is deemed of sufficient importance as to have been copied not less than five times. One copy, made by Reverend Doctor Ezra Stiles of Yale College in 1769 is now among his manuscript papers in Yale Library. He removed to Barnstable with a large company, 11 October 1639, taking the crops raised in Scituate with them, and dedicating their adventure to the direction and mercy of God. Mr. Otis the historian says: "John Lothrop and his followers were held by, the people to be martyrs to the cause of Independency. No persecution, no severity that their enemies could inflict upon them caused him or one of his followers to waver. They submitted without a murmur to loss of property, to imprisonment in loathsome jails, and to be separated for two years from their families and friends, rather than to subscribe to the forms of worship that Charles and his bigoted prelates endeavored to force on their consciences. "Whatever exceptions we may take to Mr Lothrop's theological opinions all must admit that he was a good and true man, an independent thinker, and a man who held opinions in advance of his times. Mr. Lothrop fearlessly proclaimed in Old and New England the great truth that man is not responsible to his fellowmen in matters of faith and conscience. Differences of opinions he tolerated. During the fourteen years he was pastor of the Barnstable Church, such was his influence over the people that the power of the civil magistrate was not needed to restrain crime. No pastor was ever more beloved by his people. None ever had a greater influence for good. To become a member of his church no applicant was compelled to sign a creed or confession of faith. He retained his freedom. He professed his faith in God, and promised that it should be his constant endeavor to keep His commandments, to live a pure life, and to walk in love with the brethren." Again he says: "Mr. Lothrop was as distinguished for his worldly wisdom as for his piety. He was a good business man, and so were all of his sons. Wherever one of the family pitched his tent, that spot soon became a center of business, and land in its vicinity appreciated in value. It is the men that make a place, and to Mr. Lothrop's in early times, Barnstable was more indebted than to any other family." Mr. Morton who "thought meet in his Memorial to nominate some of the specialest" of the worthy ministers whom God had brought into New England, named as the fourth on the list, "Mr. John Lathrop sometimes preacher of God's word in Egerton," and elsewhere in the Memorial he testified to his former fidelity in London, in witnessing against the errors of the times. . . . He was a man of humble and broken spirit; lively in dispensation of the Word of God, studious of peace, furnished with godly contentment, willing to spend and be spent for the cause of the Church of Christ." These lengthy extracts from the writings of others have been presented here in order to allow the reader to catch a glimpse of the character and the labors of this eminent and worthy ancestor of the man who, two hundred years later, suffered also imprisonment and persecution for conscience's sake, and, true to the intrepid spirit and example of that ancestor, would not lower one iota his standards of religious principle or opinions for the assurance of physical or material safety, comfort, or emoluments. The name of Mr. Lothrop's first wife seems to have been lost in the obscurity of the past. She died early in 1634 in London, after having borne eight children. He married (2) in 1635, in Scituate, Massachusetts, Anna, said to be a widow, and the daughter of William Hammond of Watertown. John Lothrop died at Barnstable, 8 November 1653, in his will mentioning eldest son Thomas, son John in England and Benjamin here,. daughter Jane and Barbara "to the rest of the children, both mine and my wife's, each a cow. To each child one book, to be chosen according to their ages, the rest of the library to be sold to any honest man who can tell how to use it, the proceeds to be divided," etc. Mr. Lothrop's widow survived him many years, dying at Barnstable 25 February 1687. CHILDREN, by first wife, all born in England: 1.JANE baptized 29 September 1614; married SAMUEL FULLER. 2.Anne, 'baptized 12 May 1616; buried 30 April 1617. 3.John, baptized 22 February 1617; "probably died young" says our authority. If so, which was the "son John in England" mentioned in the father's will? 4.Barbara, baptized 31 October 161.9; married 119 July 1638, John Emerson, her father recording the event - "My sonn Emmersonn & my daughter Barbarah marryed at Duxberry by Captain Standige." Mr. Savage supposes this John Emerson may have been of Ipswich, Massachusetts, who had come over in the ship Abigail, in 1635, entered on the ship's list as "baker, ae 20." Thomas, born about 1621; in Barnstable 1639; freeman 1656, and held several public offices. He was married "in the Bay" (Boston), 11 December 1639, to Widow Ewer, who was Sarah, the daughter of William Larned and widow of Thomas Ewer. They were the parents of five children, and he died in 1707. 5.Samuel; married Elizabeth Scudder, of New London, Connecticut, in 1648; had five daughters and four sons. 6.Joseph, born 1624; married by Thomas Hinckley 11 December 1650, to Mary Ansell, and was the father of eight sons and four daughters. His will was proved 9 April 1702. 7.Benjamin; married in Barnstable, Martha ???? and had nine children. CHILDREN by second wife: 1.Barnabas, baptized at Scituate, 6 June 1636; married 1 December 1658, Susanna, daughter of Thomas and Susanna (Ring) Clarke, who was granddaughter of Thomas Clarke, mate of the Mayflower. He married (2) Abigail Dodson, widow, who died 21 December 1715, aged 72. He was the father of fourteen children. 2.Child born and died 30 July 1638. 3.Abigail, baptized at Barnstable 2 November 1639; married 7 October 1657, James, son of Thomas and Susanna (Ring) Clarke. They settled in Plymouth, whither the father, Thomas Clarke had come in the ship Anne in 1623. 4.Bathsha, baptized at Barnstable, 27 February 1641; married Alexander Marsh, probably as his second wife. They had five children. 5.John, born Barnstable 9 February 1644; married 3 January 1671/2, at Plymouth, Mary, daughter of James and Mary (Tilson), Cobb, of Scituate, where she was born 3 December 1653. On the marriage record his name appears as Laythrope, and she is called Mary Colsgain. After her death he married (2) 9 December 1695, Hannah, widow of Dr. John Fuller. He died 27 September 1727, aged 85, having been the father of six daughters and four sons by his first wife, and of two daughters and one son by his second. 6.A son which died at birth, buried 25 January 1649. Jane Lothrop Jane Lothrop was baptized 29 September 1614, in her father's church at Egerton, County Kent, England, and came with her father's family to America in 1634, living in Scituate and Barnstable, Massachusetts, at which former place, on 8 April 1635, "ye 4th day of the weeke," she was married to Samuel Fuller, who had come to Plymouth on the Mayflower with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Edward Fuller. This marriage ceremony was performed by Captain Myles Standish at the home of Mr. James Cudworth. See FULLER sketch for the biography and continuation of this family line. 1.? The Ancestry & Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale by Audentia Smith Anderson (1926) 2.? Warren Avery Park Lothrop Little etc., Family Pedigrees of Samuel Putman Avery, privately printed 1925, 51, 52, 54. John Lathrope (1584-1653) Reformer, Sufferer, Pilgrim Man of God Institute of Family Research, Inc. Salt Lake City 801-531-7911 The Institute of Family Research, Inc., does professional genealogical research for thousands of clients from coast to coast on an endless variety of problems that span the globe. Over the years and with the support of a computerized lineage-linked pedigree system, we have located several ancestors who are related to many of our clients. The research project underlying the report is primarily thousands of dollars of original research the results of original research done by Richared W. Price, A.G., and Arlene Eakle. Genealogist Gary Boyd Roberts prepared the kinship material. In addition, the success of the project has been enhanced by the cooporation of Mrs. Willis, the Librarian of the Sturgis Library, in Barnstable, Massachusetts, home of the Lathrop Bible. Editing was done under the careful eye of Becky Burdelle and George Bickerstaff. Copyright Institute of Family Research, Inc. No. 57 West South Temple - 9th Floor P.O. Box 2607 Salt Lake City, Utah 84110 (801)531-7911 Called ??? and she said she would call me back to give us a right on all material, but the letter never came. 2010 A Genealogical Memoir of the Lo-Lathrop Family (GD 929.2, 491H) ----------------------- Reverend John Lathrop is ACT's 11 cousin 11 times removed. Our common ancestor is W. Cantilupe (1216 England RIN 20174 21st Great Grandfather.) ----------------- John Lathrop (1584-1653) Reformer, Sufferer, Pilgrim, Man of God Institute of Family Research, Inc. - Salt Lake City No. 57 West South Temple - 9th Floor P. O. Box 2607 Salt Lake City, Utah 84110 (801-531-7911) The Institute of Family Research Inc. Over the years and with the support of a computerized lineage-linked pedigree system, we have located several ancestors who are related to many of our clients. The research project underlying this report is primarily thousands of dollars of original research the results of original research done by Richard W. Price, A. G., and Arlene Eakle. Genealogist Gary Boyd Roberts prepared the kinship material. In addition, the success of the project has been enhanced by the cooperation of Mrs. Willis, the librarian of the Sturgis Library, in Barnstable, Massachusetts, home of the Lathrop Bible. Editing was done under the careful eye of Beck Burdette and George Bickerstaff. (Pedigree from John Lathrope #47556 to the following: 1. Founder - Fuller Brush Company/Alfred Carl Fuller (1885- ) 2. Founder - Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons) 3. David Daniel Marriott (1939- ) Congressman R-Utah 4. Eli Whitney (1765-1825) Inventor- Cotton Gin 5. George Herbert Walker Bush (1924- ) - Diplomat; Congressman D-Tex 6. Benjamin McLane Spock (1903- ) P - Physician, Educator, Writer 7. Sir Robert Laird Borden (1854-1937) Prime Minister of Canada 8. John Pierpoint Morgan (1867-1943) Financier 9. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882) - Poet 10.Lewis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933) - Artist, Philanthopost 11.Sylvia Brett (1885- ) Rani of Sarawok Many famous people people in American history and leaders in the world today are distant cousins of the Prophet Joseph Smith who was born Dec. 13, 1805. This boy prophet learned with certainly the anwser to John's concern regarding authority to act in the name of God on 15 May 1829. Through John Lathrope's posterity member, the priesthood was restored by John the Baptist and subsequently Peter, James and John. Besides the Prophet Joseph Smith, a pedigree of the descendants of John Lathrope, who was born in 1584, was Joseph Smith's fifth great-grandfather and the ancestor of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President Ulysses S. Grant, Eli Whitney and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. In addition to Joseph Smith, several prominent Mormons were also descended from Lathrope, including Orson and Parley P. Pratt, Oliver Cowdery, President Wilford Woodruff, President Frederick G. Williams, President Harold B. Lee and President Marion G. Romney of the First Presidency. In Joseph Smith's History, there is a letter written in 1853 by Orson Pratt, an early apostle of the Church where he stated, "I have published the history and genealogy of Joseph Smith as written before his death. This included six or seven generations of his ancestry. You will recollect that the Prophet Joseph had a vision and saw that our fathers and his all sprang from the same man a few generations ago. I should be pleased to trace both genealogies back to their junction, if it be possible." Elder Pratt never traced his and Joseph Smith's ancestors' back to Lathrope. The vision that he and the Pratts had a common ancestor and passed it to Orson by word of mouth without recording it. In 1930, Archibald Bennett, Director of the Utah Genealogical Society, discovered the link between Joseph Smith and the Pratts. John Lathrope was born in Etton, England, in 1584. He graduated from Queen College, Cambridge, in 1605, and received his Master of Arts Degree from there in 1609. Between Degrees, on his 23rd birthday he was ordained a deacon by the Bishop of Lincoln and began service for the Church of England in Hertfordshire. However, he soon grew discontented with the doctrines of the Church, and became the leader of a dissident group that met secretly (and illegally) in Southwark, London. One day in 1632, a meeting of this group was raided by a ruffian band sent by the Archbishop of the Church of England. Most of the dissidents, including Lathrope, were thrown into the "clink," an infamous prison in London. During this time Reverend Lathrope's first wife died and left him with several children. He was granted liberty to go into foreign exile in 1634 and sailed with his children to America the next year. (Received from Alexander Fife by Neil Hyde (Patriarch Ross) 18520 8th Ave NW, Apt. 301 Seattle, WA. 98177) ------------------------------ Joseph Smith's Family: An Example of Love and Service by Susan Easton Black Was Joseph Smith's family prepared for a son to come home one spring morning in the year of 1820 from the wooded area near their home and exclaim: "I have learned for myself that Presbyterianism is not true? (JS-H 1:20). How had he acquired this information? In his own words we learn who his instructors were: "When the light rested upon me I saw two personages, whose brightness and glory defy all description, standing above me in the air. One of them spake unto me, calling me by name and said, pointing to the other -- This is My Beloved Son. Hear Him" (JS-H 1:17). Was the family prepared for this message that came to their young son via God the Father and Jesus Christ? Through our discussion today, I will endeavor to develop the hypothesis that they were prepared. The order of this development will be: 1. Were scriptural accounts available and accessible to the family to assist them in preparation? 2. Is evidence available to show actual family preparation, when scriptural accounts were not available? 3. Was the family the first to recognize that Joseph was the Joseph of the Restoration? In order to be prepared, knowledge needs to be available and accessible to the family that such a prophet is to be the born. Foreknowledge of foreordained prophets has many precedents. The family of Adam, as they began their telestial state learned from an angel after Adam commenced to offer sacrifice, "This thing is a similitude of the sacrifice of the Only Begotten of the Father, which is full of grace and truth." (Moses 5:7). Father Abraham was shown by the Lord intelligences organized before the world was and among them were many noble and great ones. Here Abraham learns "Abraham, thou art one of them: thou wast chosen before thou wast born" (Abraham 3:23). To Jeremiah, the Lord stated, "Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations" (Jeremiah 1:5). Other examples include: Moses, John the Baptist, and also the prophet of the Restoration, Joseph Smith, Jr. Approximately 570 B.C., Father Lehi while giving a blessing to his son Joseph, who was born in the wilderness, told Joseph of three other Joseph's: Joseph of Egypt, Joseph Smith, Sr. and Joseph Smith, Jr. A choice seer will I raise up out of the fruit of thy loins,...and unto him will I give power to bring forth my word unto the seed of thy loins...And he shall be great like unto Moses... And his name shall be called after me; and it shall be after the name of his father. And he shall be like unto me; for the thing, which the Lord shall bring forth by his hand, by the power of the Lord shall bring my people unto salvation (2 Nephi 3:7-15). Knowledge of the Joseph of the Restoration was given but not available or accessible to the family of Joseph Smith until the 1820's. Lehi's promise to his son Joseph, who was born in the wilderness, was in the Hill Cumorah. Joseph of Egypt's writings were not had among men. Tampering with the Old Testament had occurred and plain and precious parts had been deleted, including the part regarding Joseph of the Restoration. The conclusion to the foreknowledge of Joseph is that as Christ, Jeremiah, Abraham, and John the Baptist were known by the writers of scriptures for generations of time, so was the prophet Joseph Smithy--known by the prophets and recorded since the time of Joseph who was sold into Egypt but not accessible or available to the family of Joseph Smith. Is evidence available to show actual family preparation--when scriptural accounts are not available? Brigham Young stated: It was decreed in the counsels of eternity, long before the foundations of the earth were laid, that he (Joseph Smith) should be the man, in the last dispensation of this world, to bring forth the word of God to the people, and receive the fullness of the keys and power of the Priesthood of the Son of God. The Lord had his eye upon him, and upon his father, and upon his father's father, and upon their progenitors clear back to Abraham, and from Abraham to the flood, from the flood to Enoch, and from Enoch to Adam. He had watched that family and that blood as it has circulated from its fountain to the Birth of that man. He was foreordained in eternity to preside over this last dispensation...(#1) (find footnotes in original paper). Perhaps a brief overview of one family member of this protected line who lived in the 15th and 16th centuries will illustrate preparation. His name is John Lathrop. He was Joseph Smith's 6th great grandfather. John was born in 1584 in Etton, Yorkshire, England...#2) He entered Queens College in Cambridge in 1601 and graduated with his Bachelor of Arts degree din 1605 and his Masters of Arts degree in 1609. In 1607, prior to receiving his Masters Degree, he was ordained a deacon by the Bishop of Lincoln and became the curate of Bennington, Herefordshire, England for the Church of England. After graduation, he was placed in charge of the Egerton Church in Kent which is located approximately 50 miles southeast of London. He served in this capacity until 1623--a 14-year period. In 1623, he made a decision to leave the Church of England. A major reason for the break from the Church of England was the dispute over whether authority for leadership of the church came from God to the church--in other words, who gave authority to act in the name of God?...#3). His decision to leave the Church of England, at this time was considered a dangerous crime. The punishment for this crime was death, most often the method was burning at the stake. John's position became even more perilous when he accepted an appointment to be a minister of an illegal Independent Church. On April 22, 1632, John's Independent Church was assailed by governmental officials. Of the 42 congregated in this meeting in 1623, only 18 were able to escape, the rest thrown into the Clink Prison. By the spring of 1634, Lathrop was the only one of the 24 arrested at this meeting that was not released from prison. John was released only after he petitioned for liberty to go into foreign exile. The foreign exile he chose was America. He sailed on the ship Griffin from London to Boston. On board the ship he was the only one who had a Bible. While reading the Bible, hot tallow from a dripping candle burned holes through several pages. He obtained paper and pasted it on the partially burned pages. He then printed from memory the passages of scriptures which had been destroyed...#4). John Lathrop was the 6th great grandfather of Joseph Smith, Jr. This boy prophet learned with certainty the answer to John's concern regarding authority to act in the name of God on May 15, 1829. Through John Lathrop's posterity member, the priesthood was restored by John the Baptist and subsequently Peter, James and John. Who else is related to John Lathrop? (See individual relationship in this database.) John Lathrop is the 6th great grandfather of Hyrum, Joseph's brother. Hyrum was one of the eight witnesses of the Book of Mormon, Patriarch to the Church, and martyred in Carthage Jail. Joseph Smith wrote of his brother, "I could pray in my heart that all my brethren were like unto my beloved brother Hyrum, who possesses the mildness of a lamb, and the integrity of Job, and in short, the meekness and humility of Christ, and I love him with that love that is stronger than death." Joseph F. Smith, a descendant of Lathrop was the son of Hyrum Smith. At the age of 15 he was called to fulfill his first mission to the Hawaiian Islands. At the age of 28 he was called into the first Presidency of the Church. Six weeks prior to his death he received a manifestation called the "Vision of the Redemption of the Dead." Joseph Fielding Smith, a 7th great grandson, has been the oldest man to serve as President of the Church. He began his presidency at 93 years of age, after serving 60 years in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. He spent much of his life reading and studying the scriptures--writing 25 doctrinal volumes. Oliver Cowdery was a 4th great grandson of John Lathrop. He was a teacher, staying in the Smith home in Manchester, New York. Oliver was second only to Joseph Smith in the leadership of the Church during the first eight years of the existence of the Church. He was the scribe to most of the translation of the Book of Mormon, one of the three witnesses to the Book, received the Priesthood from heavenly messengers--John the Baptist, Peter, James and John and saw Moses, Elias, Elijah and the Lord Jesus Christ in the Kirtland Temple. Wilford Woodruff was a 6th great grandson of John Lathrop. On his first mission to England, 36 days after he landed on his shores he commenced the baptism of what would ultimately be 600 people in Herefordshire, England, including two spies from the Church of England and a constable who came to arrest him. In his first 15 years of Church membership, he spent 10 years in service on missions. Wilford as President of the St. George Temple did temple work for the signers of the Declaration of Independence. Frederick G. Williams was a 5th great grandson of John Lathrop. He served as second counselor to Joseph Smith. Joseph Smith wrote of him, "Brother Frederick G. Williams is one of those men in whom I place the greatest confidence and trust, for I have found him ever full of love and brotherly kindness."...#6. Orson and Parley Pratt were 5th great grandsons of John Lathrop. Orson was an original member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. He crossed the Atlantic more than a dozen times in behalf of the Church. He divided both the Book of Mormon and the Doctrine and Covenants into verses. He was a distinguished scientist and published several works on the subjects of astronomy and mathematics. His brother Parley P. Pratt was also an original member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. In describing the effect of reading the Book of Mormon on him, Parley stated, "I read all day; eating was a burden, I had no desire for food; sleep was a burden when night came, I preferred reading to sleep. As I read, the spirit of the Lord was upon me, and I knew and comprehended that the book was true, as plainly and manifestly as a man comprehends and knows that he exists. My joy was now full..." #7. Harold B. Lee was a 9th great grandson of John Lathrop. Recalling his youth growing up on a small farm in Clifton, Idaho, he stated, "We had everything money could not buy."...#8. As a young stake president, he developed a welfare plan which served as a forerunner to the general church welfare program. Marion G. Romney is a 7th great grandson of John Lathrop. He served in the First Presidency of the Church from 1972 until his death in 1988. His father served as President of Ricks College. Marion G. Romney attended Ricks College and was a star on the football and basketball team. Conclusion to the question, is evidence available to show actual family preparation when scriptural accounts are not available? The answer is yes, by illustrating the life of John Lathop and the effect on his posterity of his insight and inspiration of the Lord in questioning the authority to act in the name of God in 1623. What about Joseph's grandparents? His parents? Those closest to him? How would they react to his being the Prophet of the Restoration? Joseph Smith's maternal grandfather, Solomon Mack, was born 1732. By the year of 1810-11 he began to search the Bible. He found his intense physical pain relieved through prayer. He also received manifestations. He twice saw a light as bright as fire and another time he heard a voice call him by name, Solomon. He penned a poem in which one verse reads: I waited patient on the Lord, He bowed to hear my cry He saw me resting on his word And brought salvation nigh. ...#9 Asael Smith, Joseph's paternal grandfather was born 1744. He was a strong believer in the Ten Commandments and added what he entitled the 11th, "mind your own business."...#10 In his will he wrote, "...everything that I have in this world (I give to my family) but my faults, and them I take with me to the grave...leaving my virtues, ...to revive and live in you."...#11 In referring to God he exclaimed, "Put your whole trust solely in him. He never did nor never will forsake any that trusted in him."...#12 At the age of 88, shortly before death, he nearly completed reading the Book of Mormon and he died, confident that a new religious age was upon the world. Joseph stated of him: My grandfather Asael died in East Stockhom, St. Lawrence County, New York, after having received the Book of Mormon, and read it nearly through; and he declared that I was the very Prophet that he had long known would come in his family. ...#13 Joseph Smith's mother, Lucy Mack Smith, was ill in the year of 1802. She writes: "I then looked to the Lord and begged and pleaded with him to spare my life in order that I might bring up my children and be a comfort to my husband. During this night I made a solemn covenant with God that if He would let me live I would endeavor to serve him according to the best of my abilities. Shortly after this I heard a voice say to me, "Seek and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you." ...#14 Besides hearing a heavenly voice speak to her, she also dreamed an inspired dream and was given the interpretation of that dream prior to the year of 1805. Joseph Smith Sr., Joseph's father, had seven visions by the year of 1811. His seventh occurred while he was living in Lebanon, New Hampshire. In his vision, he entered a path. "...when I had traveled a little way in it, I beheld a beautiful stream of water, which ran from the east to the west. Of this stream, I could see neither the source nor yet the mouth; but as far as my eyes could extend I could see a rope, running along the bank of it, about as high as a man could reach, and beyond me was a low, but very pleasant valley, in which stood a tree such as I have never seen before ... it bore a kind of fruit, in shape much like a chestnut burr, and as white as snow, or if possible, whiter. I drew near and began to eat of it, and I found it delicious beyond description." ...#15 Soon in the vision his family joins him and they commented. "The more we ate, the more we seemed to desire, until we even got down upon our knees and scooped it up, eating it by double handfuls." ...#16 I there evidence available to show actual family preparation, when scriptural accounts are not available? A sixth great- grandfather questioned the authority line and whether the church he was a part of had received the authority to act in the name of God. Both immediate grandfathers believed in God--One saw a light and heard his name, the other accepted the Book of Mormon as new religious thinking upon the world. Joseph's mother made covenants, heard a heavenly voice quoting scripture, dreamed an inspired dream and received the interpretation of that dream prior to 1805. Joseph's father had seven visions prior to his son's first. In all of this family preparation was the family the first to recognize Joseph as the Joseph of the Restoration? The answer to this query is no. Joseph Smith was born December 23, 1805. His mother records, "In the meantime we had a son whom we called Joseph after the name of his father; ..."#17 The doctor present, Joseph Denison, years later reported, "I delivered a son to Joseph Smith. If I had known how he was going to turn out I'd have smothered the little cuss." In other words, no outward manifestation that he was to be the prophet of our time was made apparent to the mother of doctor at Joseph's birth. Not until the Spring of 1820 is it apparent that Joseph is the long awaited prophet. Joseph was living with his family in the Palmyra-Manchester area in New York. By the time of the first vision this area had seven churches, with four that met weekly. (The Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist, and Quakers). Lucy, Joseph's mother; his sister, Sophronia; and his brothers, Samuel and Hyrum had been proselyted to the Presbyterian Church. Joseph felt himself partial to the Methodist Church. To quote: 'My mind at times was greatly excited, the cry and tumult were so great and incessant. In the midst of this war of words and tumult of opinions, I often said to myself: What is to be done? Who of all these parties are right: or, are they all wrong together? If any one of them be right, which is it, and how shall I know It? While I was religionists, I was one day reading the Epistle of James, first chapter and fifth verse, which reads: 'If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.' At length I came to the conclusion that I must either remain in darkness and confusion, or else I must do as James directs, that is, ask God. ...I retired to the woods to make the attempt. It was on the morning of a beautiful, clear day, early in the spring of eighteen hundred and twenty. It was the first time in my life that I had made such an attempt, for amidst all my anxieties I had never as yet made the attempt to pray vocally" (JS-H 1:9-14) The result was: ...the light rested upon me, I saw two Personages, whose brightness and glory defy all description, standing above me in the air. One of them spake unto me calling me by name and said, pointing to the other--This is My Beloved Son. Hear Him! (JS-H 1:17). In answer to his quest regarding which church, "I was answered that I must join none of them, for they were all wrong; ... and many other things did he say unto me, which I cannot write at this time." (JS-H 1:19-20). Thus, the first to recognize Joseph as the Joseph of the Restoration was God the Father and His Beloved Son, Jesus Christ. In conclusion: 1. Needed scriptural knowledge to look forward to and prepare for the Prophet Joseph was available but not accessible or attainable by Joseph's ancestors. 2. The Lord prepared the family through inspiration to question who gave the authority to act in the name of God, dreams, interpretation of dreams, voices, visions, and other heavenly manifestations and gifts. 3. God the Father and His Son, Jesus Christ were the first to recognize Joseph of the Restoration. This is what I profess. This is what I testify. Joseph Smith saw God the Father and his Beloved Son, Jesus Christ in the Spring of 1820. Through Joseph Smith the authority to act in the name of God was restored. Joseph Smith was the prophet through whom the Church was restored on April 6, 1830. This Church is the true Church of God upon the earth. Jesus Christ stands at its head. Spencer W. Kimball is the prophet on the earth today. These thoughts and this testimony I humbly bear. In the name of Jesus Christ, Amen. Notes - 1. Journal of Discourses, 26 vols. Liverpool: Latter-day Saints' Book Depot, 1858, 7:289-90. 2. Family Group Sheet, John Lathrop. Institute of Family Research. 3. John Lathrop (1584-1653): Reformer, Sufferer, Pilgrim, Man of God Salt Lake City: Institute of Family Research, Inc. 1979, 6. 4. Ibid., 7-11. 5. Pearson H. Corbetts, Hyrum Smith, Patriarch, Salt Lake City: Bookcraft Inc., 1971, XIII. 6. Joseph Smith, History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 7 vols. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1976, 1:44 (hereafter cited as HC). 7. Parley P. Pratt, Autobiography of Parley Parker Pratt. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1938, 36-37. 8. Richard Lloyd Anderson, Joseph Smith's New England Heritage. Salt Lake City, Deseret Book Company, 1971, 59. 9. Ibid., 104. 10. Ibid., 106. 11. Ibid. 12. HC 2:443. 13. Lucy Mack Smith, History of Joseph Smith by his Mother. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1958, 34. 14. Ibid., 48-49. 15. Ibid., 50. 16. Ibid., 46. 17. Larry C. Porter, "A Study of the Origins of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the States of New York and Pennsylvania, 1816-1831." A Dissertation presented to the Department of Church History and Doctrine, Brigham Young University, 1971. Reverend JOHN LOTHROP by Vamar Sorensen If one were to search among all the Prophet Joseph Smith's progenitors for the one who best typified his righteous zeal for true freedom and dauntless devotion to truth, perhaps no finer example could be found than his fifth great-grandfather, Reverend John Lothrop. He was a young minister of the Church of England, happily married, with beautiful children. He labored faithfully until in his conscience he could not longer prove the things he must teach. He resigned his position, left the church, and in 1623 became pastor of the first Independent Church of London. For righteousness' sake, persecution raged against him and his little band of devoted followers. They were forced to meet secretly to escape the anger of the opposing bishop. One day as they met in worship, they were discovered by agents of the bishop, who suddenly invaded their meeting place, seized forty- two of their number, and sent them in fetters to the old clink prison in Newgate. Finally, all were released but Mr. Lothrop. He was deemed too dangerous to be set at liberty. During these months of his imprisonment, a fatal sickness had seized upon his wife and she was about to die. Upon his urgent entreaty the bishop consented for him to visit his dying wife. He reached home in time to give her a blessing. She passed away and he returned to prison. His poor orphaned children wandered about in helpless misery until someone suggested they appeal to the bishop at Lambeth. One can picture the mournful procession as they came before him and made known their plight. "Please sir," they cried piteously, "release our father or we too will die." The bishop's heart softened and was touched with pity, and he granted to John Lothrop his freedom if he would promise to leave the country and never return. Gathering round him his children and thirty-two members of his congregation, he sailed to America. Settling in New England, where he was warmly welcomed, he soon became one of the great Puritan religious leaders of his day. No pastor was more loved by his people, and none had a greater influence for good. He fearlessly proclaimed views far in advance of his time. Only in the recent years has the name of his wife, Hannah House, who died in England, been discovered so that due honor can be paid to her memory. One of the children in that group, Samuel, lived to become the fourth great-grandfather of President Wilford Woodruff. Another child, Jane, who married Samuel Fuller, a boy passenger on the Mayflower, was the fourth great-grandmother of the Prophet. Among the descendants of this famous Puritan preacher were early Church leaders Joseph Smith, Willford Woodruff, Oliver Cowdery, and Frederick G. Williams. DUP Files Ref: Exiled - The Story of John Lathrop 1584-1653 Forefather of Presidents Church leaders and Statsmen: History of the Independent Church established in 1616 Southwark, England - Bennett, Archibald. "The Ancestry of Joseph Smith," The Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine, 1929 (Appendix B) Henry Jacob, Pastor 1616-1622 John Lathropp, Paster 1624-1632 Friendly dismissal of several, including Sam Eaton, who form another church under the leadership of John Spilsbury. 1634 John Lathropp emigrates to Scituate in Plymouth Colony. He becomes Pastor of the Congregational Church. 1637 Henry Jessey, Pastor 1638 Frequent departures to other churches 1639 John Lothropp moves to Barnstable and establishes Congregational Church. 1640 Praise-God Barbon, Pastor 1640 Church grows and divides; many follow William Kiffin, Pastor 1641 Kiffin becomes Baptist 1643 Hanserd Knolly forms Baptist Church 1645 The Church becomes Baptist 1673 Henry Forty, a strict Baptist, becomes Pastor Death of Knolly 1675 Forty's church unites with Kiffins Knolly' church and becomes a leading Calvinistic Baptist Church. 1727 The church unites with the church originally founded by Sam Eaton. It becomes a leading London Baptist Church. -------------------------------------- BYU-Idaho Family History Conference 8 November 2003 Keynote Address: Kevin Owen Story: After graduating from Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah in 1985, my wife and I relocated to the city of Cupertino, California just south of San Francisco. We had just had our first son and I had accepted a position with the Hewlett-Packard Company. Shortly after our arrival I was extended a church calling to focus my attention on helping others with their Family History and Genealogy. Part of that assignment included working Wednesday evenings at the Santa Clara Family History Center. It was a modest sized Family History Center and included several rooms in one wing of the Stake Center. I enjoyed serving and helping others find their ancestors. One evening a middle-aged couple came in and were quietly browsing the books on the bookshelves. I approached them, introduced myself, and asked if I could help them in any way. It turned out that they were community patrons, who lived in the neighborhood, and were intrigued when they heard that there was a Family History Center that was open to the public at the local LDS church, and so had come down to take a look. I was able to get them started, teaching them how to use the IGI on microfiche (some of you may remember those days - before computers were widely available). They soon became Wednesday night regulars and began having some success in discovering their family tree. One night they called me over to the table where they were working and asked - "Why does your church do this?" "Why so much interest in discovering who ancestors are, and all at no charge?" How would your answer this question? Why do we do this? Is it just an interesting hobby or is there more to it than just that? In the few minutes that we have to spend together here this morning - I would like to explore these questions and in the process share with you some of the things that I have learned as I have studied this topic and been involved in this work. In order to better understand why we do this and why the LDS church devotes so many resources to this important activity we need to go back to the year 1823 to the small farming community of Palmyra, New York, to the home of a 17 year old boy named Joseph Smith. In his own words he describes what occurred: "Â…on the evening of the Â… twenty-first of September, after I had retired to my bed for the night, I betook myself to prayer and supplication to Almighty God for forgiveness of all my sins and follies, and also for a manifestation to me, that I might know of my state and standing before him; ... "While I was thus in the act of calling upon God, I discovered a light appearing in my room, which continued to increase until the room was lighter than at noonday, when immediately a personage appeared at my bedside, standing in the air, for his feet did not touch the floor. He called me by name, and said unto me that he was a messenger sent from the presence of God to me, and that his name was Moroni; that God had a work for me to do;" "He first quoted part of the third chapter of Malachi Â…, Behold, I will reveal unto you the Priesthood, by the hand of Elijah the prophet, before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord. He also quoted the next verse Â…: And he shall plant in the hearts of the children the promises made to the fathers, and the hearts of the children shall turn to their fathers. If it were not so, the whole earth would be utterly wasted at his coming." Joseph Smith History - Chapter 1:29-30,38-39 In the closing verses of the Old Testament, the prophet Malachi prophesied that in a future day that Elijah, also a prophet who had lived some ... years previously, would return to the earth and that his coming would cause the "hearts of the children [to] turn to their fathers." We often speak of the events of that night in 1823 in connection with the coming forth of the Book of Mormon. This was the night when Joseph Smith was first told of the ancient record written upon Gold Plates that was to be found buried in the earth not far from the Smith farm. It is significant that when Moroni appeared to young Joseph Smith that also told him that this prophecy of Malachi, regarding the return of Elijah was about to be fulfilled. Thirteen years later, in the year 1836, this prophecy was fulfilled. The 110th section of the Doctrine and Covenants records this event that occurred in the Kirtland Temple [D&C 110:13-16]. The event was the occasion of a church meeting shortly after the dedication of this first latter-day temple. Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery retired to the pulpit area and knelt in prayer. A series of heavenly manifestations occurred. In Joseph's own words he records: "Â… another great and glorious vision burst upon us; for Elijah the prophet, who was taken to heaven without tasting death, stood before us, and said: Behold, the time has fully come, which was spoken of by the mouth of Malachi testifying that he [Elijah] should be sent, before the great and dreadful day of the Lord come to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the children to the fathers, lest the whole earth be smitten with a curse. Therefore, the keys of this dispensation are committed into your hands; and by this ye may know that the great and dreadful day of the Lord is near, even at the doors." This occurred on 3 Apr 1836 during the Passover celebration of that year. The Jews today still await the return of the prophet Elijah and in symbolism - leave an empty setting at the table of the Passover feast. We, of course, recognize and believe that he has already returned. He came in fulfillment of prophecy and with a specific charge to restore the keys of the sealing power that permits us to perform vicarious baptisms and marriage sealings in behalf of our deceased ancestors. The New Testament records this significant conversation, as recorded in John 3: "There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: The same came to Jesus by nightÂ… "Jesus Â… said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born?" "Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God." We learn here that baptism is a requirement in order to be admitted into the Kingdom of God. Now what about all those who have lived on the earth who have not been baptized and perhaps did not even known of Christianity or the teachings of Jesus Christ? What exactly did Elijah restore? Joseph Fielding Smith said the following: " Elijah restored to this Church and, if they would receive it, to the world, the keys of the sealing power; and that sealing power puts the stamp of approval upon every ordinance that is done in this ChurchÂ…" (Doctrines of Salvation, Vol. 3, p. 129, emphasis added) Through the teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith as confirmed by the scriptures we understand that all who have lived upon this earth are literally children of our Heavenly Father. We are his spirit offspring. He has placed us here upon this earth to gain a physical body, to learn by experience and to have opportunity to accept or reject the teachings and ordinances of his Son Jesus Christ. When we perform these Temple ordinances for our ancestors - we firmly believe that these ancestors are aware of what we are doing in their behalf and they are free to accept or reject this work that we do for them. The LDS Church now has 116 temples operating worldwide and in these temples we perform these important ordinances for our ancestors. President Joseph F. Smith taught this significant doctrine: "Jesus had not finished his work when his body was slain, neither did he finish it after his resurrection from the dead; although he had accomplished the purpose for which he then came to the earth, he had not fulfilled all his work. And when will he? Not until he has redeemed and saved every son and daughter of our father Adam that have been or ever will be born upon this earth to the end of time. . . . That is his mission. We will not finish our work until we have saved ourselves, and then not until we shall have saved all depending upon us; for we are to become saviors upon Mount Zion, as well as Christ. We are called to this mission. The dead are not perfect without us, neither are we without them." - Joseph F. Smith, Gospel Doctrine, 5th ed. (1939), 442 Story: I would like to tell you the story of a man who was born over 400 years ago. His name was John Lathrop and he was born 20 Dec 1584 at Etton, Yorkshire, England. He decided at an early age to follow in the footsteps of his father who was a minister in the Church of England. He began his studies at Christ Church College, Oxford University at the age of 18 years. He later transferred to Queens College at Cambridge, England where he received his Bachelor of Art at age 21 years and his Masters of Art at age 25 years. At age 23 years he began his church service as a Deacon in the Church of England at Bennington, Hertfordshire. After graduation at age 25 years he moved to Kent where he became curate or minister over the Parish church of Egerton - just 48 miles SE of London. He served 11 years as clergyman at this parish where the record shows he christened over 200 children, married the youth and presided over burials. It was here that he married Hannah Howse - the daughter of an Anglican minister of a neighboring parish. It was here that four of their children were born. Religious circumstances at this time were such that all Anglican ministers would have had to take the "Oath of Supremacy" which denounces all Papal authority and acknowledges the King of England as the head of the Church. Additionally John Lathrop would have had to teach and abide by the "Act of Uniformity" which establishes the Anglican Prayer Book as the only legal form of worship. By the year 1624, at age 39 years, John Lathrop broke with the Anglican Church and moved back to London to become Pastor of the First Independent Congregation in the Southwark part of London. In the church of England John Lathrop had security and status, but he gave this all up in an effort to follow the more simple forms of worship. He came to deplore the pomp and ceremony of his former church and questioned the authority of his own ordination. The Bishop of London was made aware of his actions and he pursued John Lathrop and the Puritans with zeal. John Lathrop and his congregation were forced to meet in secret. John was at the heart of the Puritan reform and was tried and imprisoned for his actions. He spent two years in prison, enduring terrible conditions, but would not renounce his beliefs or agree to cease his preaching. John's family bargained for his release - that he be freed on the condition that he emigrate to New England and never to return. This was agreed upon and John and his family along with at least thirty of John's original congregation took their journey in 1634 and settled in Barnstable on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Here John Lathrop became a prominent colonial minister teaching the scriptures and the simpler forms of worship. He was instrumental in bringing about Christian reform and died at age 69 in the year 1653. Notable Descendants: John Lathrop helped pave the way for the restoration of this Church. His humility, dedication and faithfulness had far reaching effects. Many of his descendants are found among the early members of the LDS church. It is estimated that some 25% of the original church membership descend from John Lathrop. Most notable is Joseph Smith. John Lathrop is Joseph Smith's 5th great-grandfather! Other prominent members include: Parley P. Pratt and his brother Orson, Wilford Woodruff, Fredrick G. Williams, Joseph F. Smith, Harold B. Lee, N. Eldon Tanner, Marion G. Romney and H. Burke Peterson. You will be interested to know that our current President of the United States, George W. Bush, is also a descendant of John Lathrop. There may be some within the sound of my voice who also are descendants of this good man. Each of us descends from a line of perhaps equally notable ancestry. Each of us has a great-great-grandfather or perhaps a 5th great-grandfather who lived an honest life but was not able to embrace the gospel in its fullness because it was not to be found upon the earth. Ours is a great responsibility to seek out these ancestors, to spend the time and effort to discover their names and their stories, and to see that they receive the blessings of the gospel through temple ordinances performed vicariously on their behalf. A New Commandment: I remember as a young teenager listening to April General Conference in 1976 when we had two new revelations added to our scriptures. It is interesting to note the subject matter of these two revelations. 1) Joseph Smith's vision of the Celestial Kingdom - Section 137 of the D&C. 2) Joseph Fielding Smith's vision of the redemption of the dead - Section 138 of D&C. Later in 1976 Elder Bruce R. McConkie, one of the 12 Apostles, made some important statements regarding these new additions to our scriptures. After expounding on the doctrine of Salvation for the Dead he made a pint that I shall not easily forget. He read John 13:34 "A new commandment I give unto you that ye love one another" and then made the point that this was well into his ministry and certainly not the first time that Christ had taught this principle. Elder McConkie explained that in a similar manner the doctrine of Salvation for the Dead is not new to us but is being taught "anew" to us. He explained that in effect it is a new commandment for us - that we redeem our dead. Story: Experience of Elder Wilford Woodruff in the Saint George Temple "The spirits of the dead gathered around me, wanting to know why we did not redeem them. Said they, 'You have had the use of the Endowment House for a number of years, and yet nothing has ever been done for us. We laid the foundation of the government you now enjoy, and we Â… remained true to it and were faithful to God.' These were the signers of the Declaration of Independence [of the United States of America], and they waited on me for two days and two nights. Â… I straightway went into the baptismal font and called upon Brother McAllister to baptize me for the signers of the Declaration of Independence, and fifty other eminent men, making one hundred in all, including John Wesley, Columbus, and others" (The Discourses of Wilford Woodruff, sel. G. Homer Durham [1946], 160-61). We learn from this event that many of our ancestors anxiously await to be discovered, documented and have their temple ordinances completed. Sometimes we wonder whether they really want to be found - but be assured that they do. Advances in Genealogy: Elder Boyd K. Packer in 1977 spoke to Regional Representatives and explained his vision of the future as it pertains to Family History work. Then: 1) Name extraction then by church employees - vision: church members worldwide assisting in this work. 2) Individual Entries & Marriage Entries, Ward Examiners - vision: simpler ways clear your own names. 3) "Airline reservation system" like access to computerized records of temple records. Today: 1) Thousands of members are involved worldwide -Family Record Extraction Program. This is the source of the names we are given when we do Temple File. 2) Temple name submission is now simpler and quicker- Temple Ready. 3) World wide access - FamilySearch.org web site- IGI updated within days. Temple Growth: In 1880 there were about 160,000 and there were four Temples in operation. Today we have 12 million members and 116 Temples in operation. If we had the same Temple to member ratio as in 1880 we would have over 250 Temples in operation. Brigham Young prophesied (Discourses of Brigham Young pg. 394) that there would one day be thousands of Temple to dot the land. If this is so then why don't we as a church select sites by the hundreds and commence building those temples now? Quote: Boyd K. Packer said the following in 1977: "Why not select sites by the hundreds and commence to build those temples now? I answer by asking some questions. Should we commence to build those temples, what good would it do? How would we keep them open? What names would we use? What work would we do?" He goes on to say that we as a church need to do more in the are of temple work if this prophecy is to be fulfilled. Each of us has a responsibility to see that each of our ancestors that we can possibly identify has the opportunity to receive temple blessings. How do I get involved? What resources are available to assist me in this work? Each ward is to have one or more Ward Family History Consultants and one or more Family Record Extraction workers. These Family History workers are to be directed by the High Priest Group Leader in each ward. Most are blessed to have a Family History Center in close proximity. Let me suggest some of the ways in which the LDS church as a whole is currently involved that support and promote this genealogical research effort: 1) Over 4000 Family History Centers worldwide 2) Internet site (FamilySearch.org - one of the most popular on the Internet) with several significant collections of names totaling nearly1 billion names 3) 275 Camera operators operating in 44 countries - microfilming records 4) Granite mountain vault - in one of the canyons near SLC - master copies kept here 5) Largest Family History Library in the world - 2.4 million rolls of microfilm, 7K microfiche and a sizable collection of books as well. Over 60,000 rolls added each year. 6) Name extraction (FREP) occurring in most of the 2000+ stakes in the church 7) Genealogical software (Personal Ancestral File) available for free Internet download. In a recent conference address Elder Russell M. Nelson said: "This restoration was accompanied by what is sometimes called the Spirit of Elijah - a manifestation of the Holy Ghost bearing witness of the divine nature of the family. Hence, people throughout the world, regardless of religious affiliation, are gathering records of deceased relatives at an ever-increasing rate." - April 1998 Conference In 1894, the same year that the Genealogical Society of Utah was formed, many Church members did not fully understand the responsibility for their own kindred. President Wilford Woodruff was so concerned that he made the issue a matter of fervent prayer. Then, at the April 1894 general conference, he presented a revelation to the membership of the Church." He said "We want the Latter-day Saints from this time to trace their genealogies as far as they can, and to be sealed to their fathers and mothers. Have children sealed to their parents, and run this chain through as far as you can get it. . . . This is the will of the Lord to his people." - James R. Clark, Messages of the 1st Presidency [Bookcraft, 1966], vol. 3, pp. 256-57 Perhaps you have felt the spirit of Elijah [intense desire to discover and know our ancestors. When this occurs we begin to "turn our hearts" as described in the book of Malachi. As a church we challenge our members to be actively involved in searching out our ancestors throughout our lives. We also invite our friends and neighbors from the community to take advantage of these resources that are provided. We are excited to share with all the excitement we feel - and this without cost and without regard to religious persuasion. Now - we are gathered here this today to be instructed in various aspects of this important Family History work. There are many details that we need to be aware of in order to accomplish this work well and to do it accurately. Many of these skills will be reviewed here today. We are grateful to those who have and will provide instruction and for each of you for being here. May each us feel of the Spirit of Elijah as we participate together today. The tools and procedures for performing research will change over the years - but the spirit of the work and the end result - to see that our ancestors receive these saving ordinances in the holy Temple will remain the same. Let us remember that there is divine help - even help from beyond the veil - that is available as we prayerfully approach this work. Conclusion - Story of Couple: I mentioned when I began the story of the couple that I was able to help get started in their Family History efforts. Shortly thereafter I was called to serve in another assignment and missed that opportunity to serve at the Family History Center. About a year later I was invited back to speak to a group of Family History Center workers and was surprised to see my friends there. I later spoke with the FHC director who told me they were now serving on the staff and had been recently baptized. I was pleased to learn that in some small way to play a part in that event. What a glorious reunion it will be when we meet our great-grandparents and other

  • Sources 
    1. [S1103] International Genealogical Index(R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, citing microfilm 1621562 for batch 6020689, sheet 88, downloaded 17 Nov 2009 (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S1103] International Genealogical Index(R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, citing microfilm 1260506 for batch 7908701, sheet 28, downloaded 17 Nov 2009 (Reliability: 3).

    3. [S1103] International Genealogical Index(R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, citing microfilm 1239588, reference number 10280, downloaded 8 Oct 2006 (Reliability: 3).

    4. [S1103] International Genealogical Index(R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, citing microfilm 1126241 for batch 7806801, sheet 73, downloaded 8 Oct 2006 (Reliability: 3).